This type of instrument is used to figure out what a material is by using the light it gives off. This device is also called a spectrophotometer, spectrograph or spectroscope.
A spectrophotometer is used in chemistry labs to measure the properties of materials.
The spectrograph can be used for looking at the stars and figuring out what things are made of. It separates incoming light into distinct segments and measures the results. The new James Webb Space Telescope uses a near-infrared spectrograph and will be a revolutionary new tool for understanding our universe. We interviewed expert Scott Acton at Ball Aerospace to tell us a bit about the James Webb Space Telescope:
MUSE – Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer, this operates at a visible light range close to IR. It is mounted to a satellite where it will take images of distant galaxies. This device provides “staggeringly detailed map of the motions and other properties of the observed objects”. More on MUSE helping us discover galactic actions.
Read more at:
MUSE – technical details
Spectrophotometry wiki page (how it works)
Now that we have talked some about telescopes, lets see the next page devoted to the subject of imagery from telescopes.